Selenium deficiency was produced in rats fed a high cholesterol diet for 57 days (Group 1). It was characterized by an increase in malondialdehyde (MDA) an end product of lipid peroxidation and by the dramatic collapse of selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase activity (GSHPx) in plasma, erythrocytes and in homogenate supernatant fraction of liver, kidney and heart compared with rats fed a standard diet containing sodium selenite (Group 3). A compensatory rise in the activity of liver glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity and also in glutathione reductase (GSSGR) activity was accompanied by an increase in NADPH-gen-erating enzymes glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase. Adequate dietary selenium supple-mentation by Se-rich Spirulina corrected all the selenium deficiency effects (Group 2), then, GSHPx and NADPH-consumingenzymes activities were of the same magnitude as those exhibited by rats fed a standard diet containing adequate selenium in the form of sodium selenite. Based on this study, it is concluded that Se-enriched Spirulina behave as an excellent selenium carrier.
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